As a Physical Therapist, I often work with patient who need a temporary wheelchair ramp after surgery. In some cases, a more permanent wheelchair ramp is needed, but the overall goal is the same: improved independence.
When it comes to selecting among top wheelchair ramps, the three factors my patients consider a top priority include:
Safety. Ease of Use. Affordability.
Of course, identifying the location of the wheelchair ramp will also determine the type of ramp you’ll need.
The most common areas for wheelchair ramps include:
Steps into Home – Wheelchair ramps for steps are commonly used with outdoor steps to a porch or within a garage. The length of your ramp depends on how high of a rise your steps span. See below for the wheelchair ramp slope recommendations based on the ADA wheelchair ramp guidelines.
Threshold Ramp – Wheelchair ramps for thresholds are usually easy to install and take very little space. Highly recommended for older homes.
Vehicle Ramp – The wheelchair ramp grade recommendations apply for a vehicle too, so entry into a vehicle 2 feet from the ground requires a 12’ ramp.
Wheelchair Ramps for Home: How to Select a Ramp
Wheelchair Ramp Slope: 1:12 ratio
What does this mean? A 1 inch high step needs a 12 inch long ramp. A 1 foot high step will need 12 feet of ramp.
The ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) sets recommended guidelines for wheelchair grades, slopes and width. Before you purchase or build your own wheelchair ramp, be sure you meet these standards set by the ADA:
Wheelchair Width: The minimum clear width for single wheelchair passage shall be 32 inches.
Max Grade for Wheelchair Ramp: The ramp slope maximum is a 1:12 ratio: 12 inches of ramp for each inch of rise. Let’s say you have two steps that total 12 inches in height. Using the 1:12 ratio, you’ll need 12 feet of ramp to cover the 1 foot rise in total height for the two steps. For a single 6 inch step, a 6 foot ramp is recommended and so on.
Basically for every inch of rise you have, the ADA recommends one foot of ramp length.
Example: 6 steps at 6 inches each = 36 inches high… 36 feet of ramp
Aluminum Wheelchair Ramps
If affordability and stability are high on your priority list, then an aluminum wheelchair ramp should be a top consideration for choosing a ramp.
Not only are aluminum wheelchair ramps relatively lightweight, they’re sturdy, movable, and easy to install. You can always do a search for used wheelchair ramps, but I recommend looking at the price of new ramps to compare. If the difference is small, you’re better off with a brand new ramp that you know is solid and safe.
Here are the top aluminum ramps based on consumer reviews and ratings on Amazon.
- Welded fabrication rather than riveting
- Surface is covered with anti-slip skid resistant tape for maximum traction
- Full 30" wide platform design for maximum support and stability. Capacity - 800 Pounds
- Has a handle for easy carrying. Carries like a suitcase.. Durable welded construction
- EXTRA WIDE: 31" wide, 36" long, designed for manual and power wheelchairs to conveniently access porches, curbs, and landings with a high-traction...
- According to ADA recommendation, 36" long ramp is suitable for less than 6" height rise from the ground , maximum height rise for unoccupied...
- Includes safety pins and a built-in carrying handle
- Folds to 16" wide by 3" high for portability and storage
Folding Vs Solid Ramps
If you don’t plan on moving the ramps from a location, my recommendation is to look for a solid ramp. Solid ramps are usually placed at entryways or in areas of your home like a single step entry to a lower level.
Folding ramps can be used in multiple settings but are generally larger, heavier and require some setup to lock in place.
If you simply need one or two feet of ramp, a solid ramp will be easy to position and maneuver.
For 2 to 3 small steps, a foot folding ramp is convenient, affordable, and simple to set up.
If you have 2 to 3 standard steps (6” to 7” height each) to get into your home, you should consider a solid ramp or have one professionally installed.
Portable Wheelchair Ramp Options
When someone needs to use a wheelchair after an injury or surgery, a portable wheelchair ramp is a great option. Most portable ramps are made from aluminum which makes them lighter and easier to carry or move within the home.
Another benefit of a portable ramp is that you can purchase one ramp and use it in multiple areas of the home. Of course, this requires that you have someone else to help you as moving a portable wheelchair ramp is not recommended if you’re using the wheelchair yourself!
With most portable wheelchair ramps, you can use them outdoors, but you may not want to keep it outside for long periods of time. The change in weather can cause corrosion, so if you plan to use a ramp for a long time, you’re better off getting a permanent wheelchair ramp installed.
Walmart Wheelchair Ramps vs Home Depot Wheelchair Ramps
Most of the time you have to order the ramps from the website and have them delivered to your home or to the store for pickup.
Personally, I recommend that my patients look through the reviews on Amazon because you can find the same wheelchair ramps with plenty of user reviews and images.