Pediatric SOAP Note Example

Pediatric Soap Note ExampleThis pediatric SOAP note example is based on an actual pediatric Physical Therapy evaluation.  Details have been edited to keep the identity of the patient confidential.

This sample evaluation SOAP note may be useful for physical therapists, occupational therapists, or students who wish to see an example of a thorough pediatric evaluation in a rehabilitation setting.  Explore our other articles for more documentation examples.

Sample Pediatric SOAP NOTE

PT Treatment Date: 11/18/18

Time: 10:30am-11:30am

Subjective:

Patient is a 3 year, 1 month, and 10 day old male seen for outpatient PT services at Children’s Hospital on the 1oth floor Neuro Rehab gym. Patient’s medical diagnosis is non-polio myelitis resulting as a complication of enterovirus 68 and the chief complaint is bilateral LE weakness. Patient has no reported history of pain. Referral for outpatient PT occurred after patient was discharged from the inpatient rehab unit of Children’s Hospital. Patient transitioned from OT to PT on this date and no parent or guardian was present to provide consent; however, patient was content and willing to participate in treatment on this date. Patient demeanor indicates the patient has consented to be examined and evaluated.

Limited information regarding patient’s home environment was available as no parent or guardian was present for evaluation. Patient’s primary PT reported patient is an only child that lives at home with his mother in Detroit and does not attend school or daycare. Patient primarily moves through the community in a wheelchair but has other equipment as indicated below.

Objective:

Past Medical History: SPT’s were unable to elicit information regarding family medical history or patient birth history but primary PT states patient had parent-reported normal development without concerns prior to development of enterovirus 68. Patient has asthma and progressive weakness.

Precautions: Impaired sensation BLE, hypermobility of hips and knees

Medications: None noted

Vital Signs (in sitting): not tested secondary to patient  being anxious around multiple therapists

Appearance: Pt. presented in long sitting on floor mat before therapists entered room.  Equipment brought by patient included RGO (reciprocal gait orthosis) with oversized shoes to accommodate ankle/foot attachments, a Nimbo walker, and custom wheelchair. No lines/tubes or skin irregularities noted.

Mental Status: Patient was alert and responsive to SPT questions throughout treatment session and demonstrated normal memory, attention, judgment/safety, and command following for age.

Functional Mobility:

  • Rolling:  independent without LE use, UE compensated for lack of hip and knee flexion
  • Long Sit to/from supine: Independent without LE use, UE compensation by rolling to right and pushing up on right arm; abdominals insufficient to perform transfer as indicated below
  • Sit to/from stand: without RGO, pt. able to stand for less than 2 seconds using push-up bars to generate entirety of force and return to sitting was accomplished by “plopping” down; with RGO on, pt. required 100% assist 2/2 immobilized LE and trunk to achieve standing and return to floor was accomplished by diving to floor, indicating blatant disregard for pt. safety and self-preservation
  • Reaching/UE Object Manipulation: independent requiring one-hand on surface to maintain balance
  • Crawling: Independent using UE only and dragging LE behind; speed was not diminished despite lack of LE contribution
  • Ambulation: unable without RGO or Nimbo walker; with RGO and Nimbo walker pt. walked 75 ft requiring contact guard with cues to reciprocate gait (pt. preferred to hop forward and move walker instead of using proper gait pattern)

Movement Analysis:

AROM  / PROM:             

Active and Passive Bilateral UE: WNL    Pt was able to produce voluntary, spontaneous, and purposeful movements with all extremities

Passive Bilateral HE/HF/Abd/Add, KE/KF, PF: WNL            

Passive Bilateral DF: Initially -10o, improved to 0o with 10 minutes of stretching

Unable to perform any AROM of LE’s

Strength Testing

Strength: L, R  (Score is out of 5)

  • Shoulder Flexion 5, 5
  • Elbow Flexion 5, 5
  • Elbow Extension 5, 5
  • Wrist Extension 5, 5
  • Wrist Flexion 5, 5
  • Grip 5, 5
  • Finger Abduction/Adduction 5, 5
  • Hip Flexion 2, 2
  • Hip Extension 2, 2
  • Knee Flexion 0, 0
  • Knee Extension 0, 0
  • DF 0, 0
  • PF (NWB) 3, 3
  • Toe extension 3, 3
  • Toe flexion 3, 3
  • Abdominal 3, 3

Specific MMT testing was not performed secondary to patient age and cognitive ability.

Muscle Tone:

Modified Ashworth Scale: 0

Patient was hypotonic and demonstrated flaccidity throughout lower extremities and demonstrated hypermobility of the hips and knees. Pt also presented with bilateral PF contractures limiting DF. Patient had normal muscle tone throughout the trunk and upper extremities.

Sensation

Abnormal Light touch:

R UE: WNL

R LE: Impaired (Absent below knee, present but impaired above knee)

L UE: WNL

L LE: Impaired (Absent below knee, present but impaired above knee)

Reflexes

All primitive reflexes integrated and all equilibrium reactions present

Joint Position Sense

Not tested secondary to pt anxiousness and unwillingness to follow commands

Postural Control

Pt able to sit with eyes closed, hands in lap and LE support for 10s. Pt is able to move UE without displacing trunk and without loss of balance with eyes open. Pt is able to displace trunk during reaching and return to starting position without loss of balance.  Pt’s balance is slightly impaired with no LE support.

Fractionated Movement

Not able to directly test fractionated movement of the upper extremities as patient refused; however, observing functional tasks throughout treatment session indicated fractionated movement of the UE’s. Patient was unable to participate in fractionated movement testing of the LE’s as severely decreased strength limited his ability to perform AROM motion.                        

Non-equilibrium Coordination                                   

Accuracy & Synergy:

L finger-nose-finger: Normal                        

R finger-nose-finger: Normal

Reciprocity:

L/R rapid pronation-supination: Normal                                                   

Accuracy & Synergy:

L heel-knee-shin: Unable to perform due to inability to elicit muscle contraction                             

R heel-knee-shin: Unable to perform due to inability to elicit muscle contraction                             

Reciprocity:

L LE rapid toe tapping: Unable to perform due to inability to elicit muscle contraction                  

R LE rapid toe tapping: Unable to perform due to  inability to elicit muscle contraction

Treatment Provided

Initial Evaluation & Patient Education (30 minutes)

Therapeutic Activities: (30 minutes)  

  • Stretching: Bilateral gastrocnemius and soleus muscles.
  • Transfers: STS to/from wheelchair and walker
  • Bed mobility: rolling x2 to L/R
  • Sitting balance exercises including reach for toys using both UE
  • Ambulation x75 feet using RGO and Nimbo walker.
  • Crawling ‘army crawl’ with UE on soft mat.

Assessment

The patient presents with a diagnosis of bilateral LE weakness secondary to medical diagnosis of non-polio myelitis. The prognosis of impairment recovery for the lower extremities is poor. Lower extremity motor function is absent at level L2-S2 and sensory perception is absent from L4-S2.  In terms of PT prognosis, the patient is rated as fair. Patient’s age and upper extremity strength is an overall positive modifier for improving functional outcome. However, at this time his age leaves him impulsive and unable to understand safety precautions regarding his mobility. Also, the primary PT expressed concern about family adherence to the current HEP, and decreased attendance at PT appointments has been noted. Both of these contribute to negative moderators for this patient.

Plan

Short Term Goals:To be completed within 14 days of initial visit

Patient will increase muscle length of gastrocnemius and soleus within 2 weeks as measured by R2 value during passive stretch.

Patient will increase ankle range of motion from -10 degrees to 0 degrees after 10 minutes of stretching in 2 weeks.

Patient will demonstrate reciprocal gait when ambulating with RGOs and Nimbo walker.

Patient’s mother will demonstrate HEP including how to stretch bilateral gastrocnemius and soleus daily for 10 minutes.

Patient will ambulate 100 feet using RGO and Nimbo walker using a reciprocal pattern throughout.

 

Long Term Goals: to be completed by age 6 or before patient starts 1st grade

Patient will be transfer to and from bed independently using AAD.

Patient will be able to ambulate throughout community with RGOs and reverse walker.

Patient will transfer independently and safely from patients wheel chair to/from floor.

Patient will be able to do frequent skin checks and stretching independently or with help from parent to maintain skin integrity and prevent musculoskeletal complications.

Patient and caregiver will be educated on general safety during transfers and ambulation.

Patient will progress towards normal developmental milestones as health condition allows.

Recommended Plan of Care

Pt. recommended to continue being seen 2x/week for 60 minutes and to be encouraged to attend those scheduled visits. Patient also should be fitted for AFO’s to be worn while in wheelchair/on floor and night splints to be worn at bedtime to further reduce plantarflexion contracture when not in RGO’s. Reassessment to be completed in 10 visits or if notable physical/mental status change occurs.

Pt. parents unable to attend and consent to evaluation and treatment.  Current plan is to continue as previously indicated until parents can be available to confirm further intervention.

Patient was seen on 11/18/14, 10:30am-11:30am by

Therapist Name, PT

Tim Fraticelli DPT, MBA, CFP®

Tim Fraticelli is a Physical Therapist, Certified Financial Planner™ and founder of PTProgress.com. He loves to teach PTs and OTs ways to save time and money in and out of the clinic, especially when it comes to documentation or continuing education. Follow him on YouTube for weekly videos on ways to improve your financial health.